The history of NYK has paralleled that of Japan, a maritime nation, ever since the company's founding in 1885.
Let's look back on NYK's 130-plus years, from 1885 to the present.
Born of the merger of Mitsubishi Mail Steamship Company and Kyodo Unyu Kaisha, NYK resultantly expanded its business from the seas of Asia to the oceans of the world under a nibikiflag featuring two thick red lines on a white background to symbolize the union of the two companies from which NYK arose.
Mitsubishi Mail Steamship Company and Kyodo Unyu Kaisha merged on September 29 to form Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK); new company inaugurated operations on October 1 with a fleet of 58 steamships.
|1886||Liner service began between Nagasaki, Japan, and Tianjin, China.|
|1893||Japan's first long-distance liner service began on Bombay route.|
London branch opened.
|1911||Calcutta liner service began.|
Tokushima Maru became the first Japanese ship to pass through the newly completed Panama Canal.
|1916||Liner service to New York via Panama Canal began.|
|1917||Liner service to east coast of South America began.|
|1920||New York branch opened.|
Departure of Nagasaki Maru inaugurated Japan-China (Nagasaki-Shanghai) Rapid Express Service.
Acquired Dai-ni Toyo Kisen Kaisha, gaining routes to San Francisco and the west coast of South America.
Distinctive twin red stripes on white background became official funnel mark for NYK vessels.
|1939||Acquired Kinkai Yusen Kaisha Ltd.|
|1942||Three NYK vessels - Asama Maru, Tatsuta Maru, and Kamakura Maru - provided transport for exchange of U.S., British, and Japanese diplomats.|
During World War Ⅱ, NYK tragically lost its two key assets - ships and crew. Following the war and throughout a period of high economic growth, the company embarked on the development and use of specialized carriers to support Japan's economic growth.
|1945||Only 37 vessels, totaling 155,469 gross tons, remained after World War ll.
(185 vessels totaling 1,131,424 gross tons lost in the war)
Main liner services resumed.
Group's first crude oil tanker, Tamba Maru, launched.
|1960||Group's first iron ore tanker, Tobata Maru, launched.|
Cargo-passenger ship, Hikawa Maru, moored in the port of Yokohama, where it is opened to the public.
|1962||World's first large LPG carrier, Bridgestone Maru, launched.|
NYK and Mitsubishi Shipping Co. Ltd. merged to form a newly enlarged NYK Group.
Hakone Maru, Japan's first fully containerized ship, began service on new California route.
|1969||Near seas and domestic coastal services transferred to Kinkai Yusen Kaisha Ltd.
Container service to Australia began.
Group's first car/bulk carrier, Toyota Maru No. 5, launched.
NYK Line (Hong Kong) Ltd. and NYK (Thailand) Co. Ltd. established.
Container service to the west coast of North America began.
|1971||Container service to Europe began.|
|1972||Container service to the east coast of North America began.|
Group's first container terminal operations commenced at Oi in the port of Tokyo.
|1978||Nippon Cargo Airlines Co. Ltd. (NCA) established.|
|1979||Container service to Persian Gulf began.|
|1980||Australia-Malaysia-Persian Gulf container service began.|
|1981||Container service to the west coast of South America began.
Container service to South Africa began.
NYK Line (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. established.
The yen appreciation stemming from the Plaza Accord in 1985 had a major impact on the cost structure of shipping companies. We responded by shifting to a multinational mix of our seafaring workforce and beginning a structural transformation, to become a comprehensive global-logistics enterprise centered on our marine transportation business.
|1986||Group's first long-term management vision, "NYK 21" announced.|
|1988||NYK Line (North America) Inc. established.
Hong Kong Logistics Center completed.
|1989||NYK Line (Europe) Ltd., NYK Bulkship (USA) Inc., and NYK Bulkship (Europe) Ltd. established.
Logistics centers established in Bangkok, Los Angeles, and Sydney.
Luxury cruise ship Crystal Harmony began service as Group reenters cruise business.
Acquired Nippon Liner System Co. Ltd.
|1992||Kaohsiung (Taiwan) Container Terminal opened.|
First Japan-registered double-hull tanker, Takamine Maru, launched.
|1994||NYK Line (Deutschland) GmbH, NYK Line (Benelux) B.V., and NYK Line (Sverige) AB established.|
|1995||NYK Line (China) Co. Ltd. established.|
New container services offered through the Grand Alliance commenced on the North America - European routes.
|1997||Diamond Grace tanker accident occured in Tokyo Bay.|
|1998||Acquired Showa Line Co. Ltd.
Introduced NAV9000, a rigorous self-imposed safety management system.
|1999||Liner Division and Car Carrier Division obtained ISO 9002 certification.|
To respond to global energy demand, we actively invested in energy-resource transportation and promoted CSR (corporate social responsibility) initiatives that included establishing a maritime academy in the Philippines.
|2000||"NYK21 New Millennium Declaration," establishing medium- to long-term performance targets, announced.|
|2001||Hinode Kisen Co. Ltd. became a wholly owned subsidiary of NYK and assumed responsibility for NYK's conventional ship business.
NYK Shipmanagement Pte. Ltd. established in Singapore.
|2002||NYK (including chartered fleet) obtained ISO14001 certification, world's first for a shipping company.|
NYK 21 "Forward 120," the company's medium- to long-term group management vision, announced.
|2004||All logistics subsidiaries rebranded as "NYK Logistics."
MTI (Monohakobi Technology Institute) established for the development of new technology.
New medium-term management plan, "New Horizon 2007," announced.
NYK-TDG Maritime Academy opened in the Philippines.
|2008||"New Horizon 2010," the company's new medium-term management plan, announced.|
Exploratory design for NYK Super Eco Ship 2030 released.
In addition to expanding into new business fields such as the shuttle tanker and offshore businesses, we have been advancing various initiatives beyond the framework of comprehensive global-logistics, including actively promoting the use of environmentally friendly LNG fuel. In 2018, by integrating our container business with those of Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha Ltd. and Mitsui O.S.K. Lines Ltd., we have taken action to address the structural transformation of the international shipping industry.
Group entered offshore shuttle tanker business by purchasing interest in Knutsen Offshore Tankers AS.
New medium-term management plan, "More Than Shipping 2013," announced.
|2012||NYK's Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) became the first in the world to be certified by ClassNK.
Members of the Grand Alliance and The New World Alliance created the G6 Alliance and cooperate to form new Asia-Europe container services.
Group jointly participated in Wheatstone LNG project in Australia.
|2013||NYK-Hinode Line Ltd. and NYK Global Bulk Corporation merged to form NYK Bulk & Projects Carriers Ltd.|
|2014||New medium-term management plan, "More than Shipping 2018," announced.|
Japan's first LNG-fueled tugboat, Sakigake, launched.
|2016||World's first LNG-fueled pure car and truck carrier (PCTC) delivered.|
The new integrated container shipping company (Ocean Network Express Pte. Ltd.) established.
|2018||New medium-term management plan, "Staying Ahead 2022 with Digitalization and Green," announced.
The new integrated container shipping company (ONE) started operation.
Exploratory design for NYK SUPER ECO SHIP 2050 released.
|2019||World's first Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships trial conducted.|
Establishment of framework for ESG management.