Challenges to Energy Conversion (LNG Fueled Vessel, LNG Bunkering Business, Zero Emission Fuels)
Vessels currently use heavy oil to run ship engines. However, changing from heavy oil to liquefied natural gas (LNG) would result in emissions reductions of about 30% for CO2, about 80% for NOx, and 100% for SOx. In October 2011, the NYK Group established its Fuel Project Team (Current Name: No.3 Green Business Team of Green Business Group) to research the viability of a fuel changeover and the development of related technology. In August 2015, the first domestic LNG-fueled tugboat was completed. And in September 2016, two dual-fuel LNG pure car and truck carriers (PCTCs), a world's first, were completed.
A large-scale LNG-fueled PCTC "Sakura Leader" was completed in October 2020, then the second large-scale LNG-fueled PCTC was also completed in March 2022 and the world's first large-scale LNG-fueled Coal Carrier will be completed in 2023. Furthermore, our first LNG-fueled Capesize Bulk Carrier will be also completed in 2024.
These vessels have a dual fuel engine that can use either LNG or heavy oil as fuel. When operating on LNG fuel, it is possible to reduce emissions of gases that could harm the environment. We look forward to accumulating further knowledge through the construction and operation of these LNG-fueled vessels, and will look to expand to larger vessels and other types of ships.
Moreover, in Japan, we have launched LNG Bunkering Business using Japan's first LNG bunkering vessel (LBV) through a partnership with Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha Ltd., JERA Co. Inc. and Toyota Tsusho Corporation. In September 2020, Japan's first LBV named "Kaguya" was put into practical operation, and in October 2020, Kaguya conducted the first Japanese Ship-to-Ship LNG bunkering operation to Sakura Leader. Additionally, with Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc., ITOCHU ENEX CO., LTD., and SAIBU GAS CO., LTD., we have performed considerations with the goal of beginning the operation of the LNG Bunkering Business in Japan's Kyushu and Setouchi regions in the spring of 2024, then announced the conclusion of a shipbuilding contract for one LBV between our joint venture company and Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd..
The construction of the LBV is planned to be completed in March 2024, and the vessel will become the first LNG bunkering vessel operated in West Japan.
We have been a leader in all these firsts and will continue to develop the LNG-fuel market in terms of LNG-fuel supply and sale, promote the conversion of marine fuel to LNG, and contribute to reducing shipping's environmental burden.
In addition, we have also begun efforts to commercialize Zero Emission Fuels such as Ammonia and Hydrogen, which will contribute to the decarbonization of not only the maritime industry but also the energy industry and society in the world.
(Please refer to the related links in below for overview of each initiatives.)
- More Information:
【LNG-fueled Capesize Bulk Carrier】
【LNG-fueled Coal Carrier】
- NYK to Order Two LNG-Fueled Large Coal Carriers
- Kyuden signs Agreement with NYK and MOL for the World's First LNG-fueled Large Coal Carrier
- New LNG-fueled PCTC Delivered
- NYK to Build 12 LNG-Fueled PCTCs
- NYK to Build Four New LNG-Fueled PCTCs
- Japan's First LNG-fueled PCTC Delivered
- Japan's First LNG-fueled PCTC named "Sakura Leader"
- NYK to Build Second LNG-fueled PCTC
- NYK Places Order for World's Largest LNG-fueled PCTC
【LNG Bunkering Business in Japan】
- LNG Bunkering Vessel to Start Operation in Kyushu and Setouchi Regions in 2024
- Parties Sign MOU for Joint Discussions on Ship-to-Ship LNG Bunkering in Western Japan
- Kaguya Conducts Japan's First Ship-to-Ship LNG Bunkering
- Naming Ceremony Held for Japan's First LNG Bunkering Vessel
- Japan's First LNG Bunkering Vessel Launched — Operations to Begin in Autumn 2020
- Japan's First LNG Bunkering Vessel to Start Operation in 2020
【LNG Bunkering Business in Europe】
- KNOT Takes Delivery of Second LNG-Fueled Shuttle Tanker
- World's First Dual-Fuel LNG Battery Hybrid PCTC Delivered
- World's First LNG-fueled Pure Car and Truck Carrier (PCTC) Delivered
【Challenges to Achieve Zero Emission】
- NYK Concludes Investment and Strategic Partnership Agreements with Shipping Subsidiary of Indonesia's State-Owned Pertamina
- CODELCO and NYK Bulk Projects to Jointly Study Decarbonized Transportation of Copper Products
- BHP and NYK Strengthen Strategic Partnership to Progress Shipping Decarbonisation
- bp and NYK Line join forces to help decarbonise hard-to-abate sectors
- Ammonia-Fuel Ready LNG-Fueled Vessel Proceeds to Actual Design
- NYK Signs MoU with JERA for Cooperation in Transporting Fuel Ammonia
- NYK Obtains AiP for Ammonia Bunkering Vessel from Classification Society ClassNK
- Ammonia-Fueled Ammonia Gas Carrier Obtained AiP from Classification Society ClassNK
- Parties Conclude Joint R&D Agreement for World's First Ammonia Floating Storage and Regasification Barge
- NYK Concludes Contract for Modification of LNG-Fueled Tugboat to Ammonia-Fuel Specifications
- Ammonia-Fueled Tugboat Obtains AiP from Classification Society ClassNK
- Concept Design for Ammonia-Fuel Ready LNG-Fueled Vessel Completed
- Demonstration Project Begins for Commercialization of Vessels Equipped with Domestically Produced Ammonia-Fueled Engine
- Next Bridge Solution from LNG to Ammonia
- Agreement Reached with Yara International for Joint Study of Ammonia-Fueled Ammonia Gas Carrier
- NYK Joins Project for Safe Use of Ammonia as Marine Fuel
- Joint R&D Starts for Practical Application of Ammonia-fueled Tugboat
- Joint R&D Starts for Use of Ammonia in Marine Transportation to Reduce GHG Emissions
- AHEAD to Support Decarbonization at Petroleum Refineries Through MCH Hydrogen Supply Chain from Brunei
- Demonstration Project Begins for Commercialization of Vessels Equipped with High-power Fuel Cells
- World's First Global Hydrogen Supply Chain Demonstration Project Starts in Earnest
【CCUS, CO2 Transportation】
- Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and NYK Line Obtain Approval in Principle (AiP) from Japan’s Classification Society ClassNK for Large LCO2 Carrier
- Liquefied CO2 Cargo Tank System Obtains AiP from Classification Society DNV
- NYK and Knutsen Group Establish New Company for Liquefied CO2 Transportation and Storage Business
- Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and NYK Line Agree to Jointly Develop a Large LCO2 Carrier
- NYK Participates in Marine Biofuel Data Collection and Analysis Project
- NYK and Shin-Nippon Kaiyosha Start Japan's First 100% Biofuel Supply Trial for Ships
- NYK and Sanyo Kaiji Start Japan's First Ship-to-Ship Biofuel Supply Trial for Tugboats
- NYK Completes Biofuel Trial on Seanergy Vessel Transporting Anglo American Cargo
- NYK Conducts Successful Biofuel Trial on Vessel Transporting Tata Steel Cargo
- NYK Conducts Trial Use of Biofuel to Advance Decarbonization
- Methanol Dual-Fuel Chemical Tanker Takaroa Sun Conducts World's First Barge-to-Ship Methanol Bunkering
【Methanol-fueled Chemical Tanker】
- NYK Bulkship (Asia) Recognized by Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore
- The NYK Group Takes Delivery of Third Methanol-Fueled Chemical Tanker
- NYK Delivers Methanol-Fueled Chemical Tanker
- NYK Concludes Long-term Charter Agreement for Two Methanol-fueled Chemical Tankers
【LPG Dual-Fuel Very Large LPG/NH3 Carriers】
- NYK to Build Its Fourth LPG Dual-Fuel Very Large LPG / NH3 Carrier
- NYK to Build Its Third LPG Dual-Fuel Very Large LPG / NH3 Carrier
- NYK to Build Its First Two LPG Dual-Fuel Very Large LPG / NH3 Carriers
【LPG Dual-Fuel VLGC】
【Activities in External Organization】
- NYK Participates in Discussions on Alternative Marine Fuels at International Conference
- NYK Presents Its Efforts for the Introduction of Ammonia as Marine Fuel at Two International Conferences
- NYK Executives Participate at COP26
- NYK Executive Officer Speaks about Marine Transportation of Ammonia and Its Use as Marine Fuel
- NYK Endorses Call to Action for Shipping Decarbonization
- NYK Joins International Assessment Project for Decarbonization of Marine Fuels
- NYK Becomes Member of the Hydrogen Council
- NYK Joins Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping
- NYK Joins "Getting to Zero Coalition" for Accelerating Maritime Shipping's Decarbonization
Japan's First LNG-fueled Vessel "Sakigake"
On August 31 at the Oppama factory of Keihin Dock Co. Ltd.,NYK received delivery of Japan's first LNG-fueled tugboat. The vessel has been named "Sakigake" and is expected to confirm the viability of LNG (liquefied natural gas) as a marine fuel and to help cultivate a new business field in the area of LNG as an environment-friendly marine fuel.
Sakigake was chartered from NYK to the Wing Maritime Service Corporation and is currently being operated mainly at the ports of Yokohama and Kawasaki. The new tug is equipped with dual-fuel engines that can use either of LNG or diesel oil, depending on conditions. Compared with conventional tugboats that use marine diesel oil, Sakigake emits about 30 percent less carbon dioxide, 80 percent less nitrogen oxide, and absolutely no sulfur oxide when using LNG as fuel. Three Patents are pending for the LNG receiving system and LNG carburetion system used on board.
LNG for this vessel is supplied from a tanker truck at a pier in Yokohama, and much effort has been made together with the supplier, Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd., to establish a method for the LNG to be safely and efficiently supplied in compliance with relevant laws and regulations. In fact, in July 2015 a trial fueling of the vessel from a tanker truck was successfully carried out for the first time in Japan.
This vessel has received a number of awards, such as the Technological Development Award at the 17th annual Logistics Environment Awards sponsored by the Japan Federation of Freight Industries (JFFI) and the Technology Special Award at the 2015 Ship of the Year Awards sponsored by the Japan Society of Naval Architects and Ocean Engineers (JASNAOE).
In addition, in May 2019, we participated in Kitakyushu's first truck-to-ship LNG fuel supply demonstration experiment in the Kyushu and Setouchi districts, and in January 2020, Yokohama's 100th LNG fuel supply in total was achieved.
- More Information:
- 100th LNG Bunkering for Japan's First LNG-fueled Vessel
- NYK Participates in First LNG Bunkering Operation in the Setouchi and Kyushu Areas of Western Japan
- Japan's First LNG-fueled Ship Receives Technology Special Award at the 2015 Ship of the Year Awards
- Japan's First LNG-fueled Tugboat Garners Recognition for NYK at 17th Annual Logistics Environment Awards
- NYK Receives Delivery of Japan's First LNG-fueled Vessel
- NYK to Build Japan's First LNG-Fueled Tug