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History

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NYK
Historical Events
  • Yubin Kisen Mitsubishi Kaisha and Kyodo Unyu Kaisha merge on September 29 to form Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK); new company inaugurates operations on October 1 with a fleet of 58 steamships.
1885
  • Liner service begins between Nagasaki, Japan, and Tianjin, China.
1886
  • Japan's first long-distance liner service begins on Bombay route.
1893
  • London branch opens.
  • Liner service begins on European, Seattle, and Australian routes.
1896
  • Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895)
  • Calcutta liner service begins.
1911
  • Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)
  • Tokushima Maru becomes first Japanese ship to pass through the newly completed Panama Canal.
1914
  • Panama Canal opens.
  • World War l (1914-1918)
  • Liner service to New York via Panama Canal begins.
1916
  • Liner service to east coast of South America begins.
1917
  • New York branch opens.
1920
  • Departure of Nagasaki Maru inaugurates Japan-China (Nagasaki-Shanghai) Rapid Express Service.
1923
  • Great Kanto Earthquake
  • NYK acquires Dai-ni Toyo Kisen Kaisha, gaining routes to San Francisco and the west coast of South America.
1926
  • Distinctive twin red stripes on white background becomes official funnel mark for NYK vessels.
1929
  • Outbreak of economic depression worldwide.
  • World War ll (1939-1945)
  • NYK acquires Kinkai Yusen Kaisha Ltd.
1939
  • Three NYK vessels — Asama Maru, Tatsuta Maru, and Kamakura Maru — provide transport for exchange of U.S., British, and Japanese diplomats.
1942
  • Wartime Shipping Control Act places all Japanese ships under government control.
  • Only 37 vessels, totaling 155,469 gross tons, remain after World War ll.
    (185 vessels totaling 1,131,424 gross tons lost in the war)
1945
  • United Nations founded.
  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) established. (1948)
  • Main liner services resume.
1951

1957
  • Korean War (1950-1953)
  • San Francisco Peace Treaty signed. (1951)
  • Warsaw Pact signed. (1955)
  • Japan joins the United Nations. (1956)
  • Group's first crude oil tanker, Tamba Maru, launched.
1959
  • European Economic Community inaugurated. (1958)
  • Group's first iron ore tanker, Tobata Maru, launched.
1960
  • Cargo-passenger ship, Hikawa Maru, moored in the port of Yokohama, where it is opened to the public.
1961
  • World's first large LPG carrier, Bridgestone Maru, completed.
1962
  • NYK and Mitsubishi Shipping Co. Ltd. merge to form a newly enlarged NYK Group.
  • World's first wood-chip carrier, Kure Maru, launched.
1964
  • Vietnam War (1965-1975)
  • European Community formed. (1967)
  • Hakone Maru, Japan's first fully containerized ship, begins service on new California route.
1968
  • U.S. shipping company Sea-Land Corporation begins container service between Japan and North American west coast.
  • Near seas and domestic coastal services transferred to Kinkai Yusen Kaisha Ltd.
  • Container service to Australia begins.
  • Group's first car carrier, Toyota Maru No. 5, launched.
  • NYK Line (Hong Kong) Ltd. and NYK (Thailand) Co. Ltd. established.
1969
  • Apollo 11 lands on the moon.
  • Container service to the west coast of North America begins.
1970
  • Japan's Sea Pollution Prevention Act enacted.
  • Container service to Europe begins.
1971
  • Container service to the east coast of North America begins.
1972
  • Japan and China reestablish diplomatic relations.
  • Okinawa reverts to Japan.
  • First oil crisis (1973)
  • Japan shifts to floating exchange rate system. (1973)
  • Group's first container terminal operations commence at Oi in the port of Tokyo.
1974
  • Nippon Cargo Airlines Co. Ltd. (NCA) established.
1978
  • Container service to Persian Gulf begins.
1979
  • Second oil crisis
  • Australia-Malaysia-Persian Gulf container service begins.
1980
  • Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)
  • Container service to the west coast of South America begins.
  • Container service to South Africa begins.
1981
  • NYK Line (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. established.
  • LNG shipments from Indonesia to Japan begin.
1983
  • U.S Shipping Act of 1984 enacted. (1984)
  • Double-stack container train service operated with the Southern Pacific Transportation Company links Los Angeles, Chicago, and Cincinnati.
1985
  • Plaza Accord signed.
  • Group's first long-term management vision, “NYK 21,” announced.
1986
  • Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant incident
  • NYK Line (North America) Inc. established.
  • Hong Kong Logistics Center completed.
1988
  • NYK Line (Europe) Ltd., NYK Bulkship (USA) Inc., and NYK Bulkship (Europe) Ltd. established.
  • Bangkok, Los Angeles, and Sydney logistics centers open.
1989
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall
  • Luxury cruise ship Crystal Harmony begins service as Group reenters cruise business.
1990
  • NYK acquires Nippon Liner System Co. Ltd.
  • Los Angeles and Oakland container terminals open.
  • Laem Chabang (Thailand) Container Terminal opens.
  • NYK Line (Australia) Pty. Ltd. and NYK Shipping (N.Z.) Ltd. established.
  • Asuka, Japan's largest luxury cruise ship, begins service.
1991
  • Persian Gulf War
  • Collapse of the Soviet Union
  • Kaohsiung (Taiwan) Container Terminal opens.
1992
  • First Japan-registered double-hull tanker, Takamine Maru, launched.
1993
  • The EU is formed with 12 member nations.
  • NYK Altair, a 4,800 TEU containership, launched.
  • NYK Line (Deutschland) GmbH, NYK Line (Benelux) B.V., and NYK Line (Sverige) AB established.
1994
  • Middle East peace treaty signed.
  • NYK Line (China) Co. Ltd. established.
1995
  • Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in Kobe, Japan
  • New container services offered through the Grand Alliance commence on the North America - European routes.
  • LNG shipments from Qatar to Japan begin.
1996
  • Marine Day enacted as a public holiday in Japan.
  • Diamond Grace tanker accident occurs in Tokyo Bay.
1997
  • Hong Kong reverts to China.
  • NYK acquires Showa Line Co. Ltd.
  • Introduction of NAV9000, a rigorous self-imposed safety management system.
1998
  • Liner Division and Car Carrier Division obtain ISO 9002 certification.
1999
  • “NYK21 New Millennium Declaration,” establishing medium- to long-term performance targets, announced.
2000
  • Hinode Kisen Co. Ltd. becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of NYK and assumes responsibility for NYK's conventional ship business.
  • NYK Shipmanagement Pte. Ltd. established in Singapore.
2001
  • September 11 terrorists attack on the U.S.
  • NYK (including chartered fleet) obtains ISO14001 certification, world's first for a shipping company.
  • Ceres Terminals Inc. in the United States acquired.
2002
  • The euro, unified currency of the European Community, enters into circulation.
  • NYK 21 “Forward 120,” the company's medium- to long-term group management vision, announced.
  • Renovated NYK Maritime Museum opens in the Yokohama Yusen Building.
  • NYK Logistics (Europe) Ltd. and NYK Logistics (Asia) Pte Ltd. established.
  • Group invests in Dalian Port RORO terminal.
2003
  • Iraq War (2003-2010)
  • SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) epidemic breaks out.
  • All logistics subsidiaries rebranded as “NYK Logistics.”
  • MTI (Monohakobi Technology Institute) established for the development of new technology.
  • Office of Corporate Citizenship (OCC) established.
2004
  • Avian (bird) flu epidemic in Asia
  • Indian Ocean earthquake (M 9.1)
  • New medium-term management plan, “New Horizon 2007,” announced.
  • Nippon Cargo Airlines (NCA) becomes a consolidated subsidiary of NYK.
  • Resident representative established in Russia.
2005
  • Kyoto Protocol becomes effective.
  • Resident representative established in Istanbul.
  • Endorsement and support for the United Nations (UN) Global Compact.
  • NYK Vega, an 8,600 TEU containership, launched.
  • Luxury cruise ship Asuka II launched.
2006
  • NYK-TDG Maritime Academy opens in the Philippines.
  • NYK Group Values (The 3 I's - integrity, innovation, and intensity) announced.
2007
  • Crude oil price rises to US$100 per barrel
  • “New Horizon 2010,” the company's new medium-term management plan, announced.
  • NYK Cool Earth Project launched to address enviromental concerns.
  • Auriga Leader, a solar-power-assisted vessel, launched.
2008
  • Bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers, a major U.S. financial services company
  • Emergency Structural Reform Project, “Yosoro,” implemented.
  • Exploratory design for NYK Super Eco Ship 2030 released.
  • Group participates in project for ultra-deepwater drillship chartered by Petrobras.
2009
  • H1N1 influenza pandemic (swine flu)
  • Yamatai and Yamato, module carriers equipped with an innovative air-lubrication system, launched.
  • Group enters offshore shuttle tanker business by purchasing interest in Knutsen NYK Offshore Tankers AS.
  • Liner Trade headquarters transferred to NYK Group South Asia Pte. Ltd. in Singapore.
  • Yusen Logistics established to integrate the NYK Group's logistics.
2010
  • New medium-term management plan, “More Than Shipping 2013,” announced.
  • Group participates in FPSO business (ultra-deep pre-salt layer off Brazil).
2011
  • Great East Japan Earthquake (M 9.0)
  • NYK's Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) becomes the first in the world to be certified by ClassNK.
  • Members of the Grand Alliance and The New World Alliance create the G6 Alliance and cooperate to form new Asia-Europe container services.
  • Group jointly participates in Wheatstone LNG project in Australia.

More Information: Top News Stories for 2012

2012
  • NYK-Hinode Line Ltd. and NYK Global Bulk Corporation merge to form NYK Bulk & Projects Carriers Ltd.

More Information: Top News Stories for 2013

2013
  • Syrian Civil War
  • New medium-term management plan, “More than Shipping 2018,” announced.
  • Contract signed to construct two dual-fuel pure car and truck carriers (PCTCs) capable of using both marine fuel oil and LNG fuel.
  • Group decides to build the world's first LNG bunkering vessel to participate in the LNG bunkering business.
  • Group violates Japan's antimonopoly act.

More Information: Top News Stories for 2014

2014
  • Ebola virus epidemic
  • Japan's first LNG-fueled tugboat, Sakigake, launched.

More Information: Top News Stories for 2015

2015